The Origin Institute

Murray Smith

KEY QUALIFICATIONS

  • Murray Smith is a highly experienced and widely published trade policy expert with particular expertise in developing trade and economic policy institutions, and capacity building in the context of customs reform and governance issues. As founding Director of the Centre for Trade Policy and Law, he was responsible for developing programs to support and enhance the capacity of governments and stakeholder groups in developing and transition countries to address trade and economic reform issues.
  • He has worked on Canada-US Trade and Investment issues for 25 years and has served as a senior Trade Adviser to GPC and later Fleishman Hillard. He was team leader on a global project for DFID assessing trade facilitation challenges in the WTO.
  • His areas of practice include working on projects related to the accession of transition and developing economies to the WTO and the implementation of customs and economic reforms. The work has involved analysis of options for economic reform in customs legislation, taxation, and services regulation. He has worked very extensively for the international organizations including the UNDP, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the World Bank, World Customs Organization, World Intellectual Property Organization, and the World Trade Organization, as well as bilateral technical assistance programs. Mr. Smith is involved in the development and delivery of teaching materials on an ongoing basis for WTO training courses for developing countries.

EDUCATION

  • Ph.D. candidate, a.b.d Economics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1982
  • M.A., Economics, University of British Columbia, 1976
  • B.A., (Honours) Economics, First Class, University of British Columbia, 1973
  • LANGUAGE SKILLS

  • English (Excellent)
  • French (Good)
  • Spanish (Working)
  • MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL BODIES

    1988-1993: Served on the roster for dispute settlement under chapter 18 of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.
    1994: Served on a bi-national panel under chapter 19 of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement reviewing an injury finding by the US International Trade Commission with respect to antidumping measure on corrosion resistant flat carbon products (galvanized steel).
    1991-1995: Member of the International Affairs Committee of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce.
    1993-1995: Member of Trade Policy Task Force of the International Trade Advisory Committee for the Minister of International Trade, Government of Canada.
    1994-1996: Member of the International Trade Advisory Committee for the Minister of International Trade, Government of Canada.
    1993-1996: Member of the Canadian National Committee for PAFTAD, a network of economists working on trade and economic policy in the Asia-Pacific region.
    1995-1996: Member of the Foreign Policy Research Advisory Board for the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Government of Canada.
    1997-1998: International Advisory Committee, Centre for Asia Pacific Initiatives, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.
    1997-1998: International Advisory Committee, Riga Business School, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia.

    COUNTRIES OF WORK EXPERIENCE

    Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Brazil, Cambodia, China, Cote d’Ivoire, Dominica, Estonia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Moldova, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, The Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam.

    EMPLOYMENT RECORD

    Professional History:

    Vice-President, Ticon DCA, Chairman, Ticon Development Consulting, Senior Trade Advisor with GPC(later Fleishman Hillard) in Europe and North America, 1996 – Present.

    • Diversified international consulting practice on customs, trade facilitation, and economic issues.

    Director, Centre for Trade Policy and Law, & Adjunct Research Professor at the Norman Patterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, 1990-1995.

    • Organize and direct, major international training and research programs, supervise publications program, with full budget and staffing responsibility.

    Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, 1988 – 1995. Director, International Economics Program, Institute for Public Policy, Ottawa, 1987– 1990.

    • Organized and directed collaborative international research projects on national trade and economic policies and key issues in the Uruguay Round of multilateral negotiations.

    Canadian Director of Research, Canadian American Committee and Senior Policy Analyst, C.D. Howe Institute, Toronto, 1983 – 1987.

    Consultant and Researcher, University of British Columbia and University of Michigan, 1980 – 1983.

    Director, International Economics Relations Branch, Ministry of Economic Development, Government of British Columbia, 1977 – 1980.

    Partner, Smith, Weisbeck and Associates, Economic Research Services, Victoria, 1975 – 1977.

    Staff Economist, Regional Economic Expansion, Canada, Ottawa and Victoria, 1973 – 1974.

    Project Experience:

    Team Leader: EU-Korea Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment.

    Team Leader: Vietnam Study of Post WTO Liberalization of Trade and Investment

    Team Leader of ASEAN Integration Study

    Africa: Multi-country Study on Uruguay Round Implications

    Directed a large project in Africa involving analysis of issues and delivery of workshops on the implications of the Uruguay Round for Africa in collaboration with the GATT Secretariat, UNCTAD, and the African Development Bank as well as the World Bank and the Commonwealth Secretariat.

    Southern Africa: Rules of Origin

    Advising on rules of origin issues in SADC for the World Bank.

    Africa- Central

    Development of TORs and recruitment of consultants for a regional integration project in Rwanda for UNIDO.

    Africa- East

    Development of TORs and recruitment of consultants for a project on improving governance for private sector development and poverty alleviation in Kenya for UNIDO.

    ASEAN

    Advised the ASEAN Secretariat on regional integration strategies in light of WTO obligations for developing and lldcs.

    Azerbaijan: WTO Accession Support

    Advising the Government of Azerbaijan on the preparation of the WTO accession memorandum for the trade regime for goods and for services; advising on answering questions from the WTO Working Party; and training of government officials on WTO accession.

    Uzbekistan: WTO Accession Support

    Advising the Government of Uzbekistan on answering questions from members of the WTO Working Party with respect to trade in goods and services.

    International: Trade and Environment Issues

    Advising the International Council on Minerals and the Environment on trade and environment issues at the WTO Symposium and the subsequent Seattle Ministerial.

    Moldova: WTO Accession Project Evaluation

    Evaluating the work of a TACIS Project supporting WTO accession in Moldova focusing on the preparation of the services (GATS) offer.

    Russia: GATS Negotiations

    Advising the Government of Russia under a World Bank project on technical and policy issues in the preparation of a services (GATS) offer in the WTO.

    World Bank: Trade Policy Issues

    Preparing a case study on telecommunications negotiations and delivery of the case for a World Bank Institute (formerly EDI) training course on Issues in Trade Policy in Future Negotiations.

    Latvia: WTO Implementation Support and Training

    Advising the Ministry of Economy of the Government of Latvia on issues in implementation of, and participation in, the WTO including notification requirements for all aspects of trade in goods and services and development of trade laws. Training of officials responsible for WTO implementation.

    Developing Countries: WTO Accession and Implementation Training

    Development and delivery of teaching materials on an ongoing basis for the WTO training courses for developing countries; these case studies focus on the implications for national policy formulation of the WTO obligations on trade in goods and services.

    Canada: International Standards

    Advising the Ministry of Industry in Canada on strategic issues in international standards forums.

    Worldwide: Intellectual Property

    Directing a team of economists conducting analysis of economic factors influencing the use of the Patent Cooperation Treaty of WIPO by developed and developing countries.

    Canada/International: Trade Policy Research and Training

    As Director of CTPL, was responsibilities for:
    • organising and supervising international collaborative research projects with research institutes in the United States (including the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Institute for International Economics, Council of Foreign Relations,) Germany, France, Belgium, China, Mexico, Japan, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Russia on multilateral and regional trading arrangements and initiatives;
    • designing and directing major training programs on international trade and investment issues as well as international business development for Canadian governments including the federal Departments of Finance, Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Industry Canada and provincial governments;
    • developing and implementing technical assistance programs for trade officials in Latin America, Russia, Central America and Vietnam on issues in the implementation of the WTO and Uruguay Round Agreements, WTO accession and the interaction with regional trading arrangements as well as the organization of trade policy and trade negotiations functions;
    • directing major publications program and organization of conferences and seminars with a staff of eight and numerous faculty associates and consultants;
    • supervising development of an on-line trade and industry database to contribute to the analysis of the impact of trade agreements;
    • directing extensive media relations program including press releases and press briefings, participated in numerous interviews and debates on television and radio, and assisting authors in dissemination of research results and preparation of op-eds; and
    • all budgetary and staffing matters including all fund-raising and project development.

    Canada: International Economics Research and Conferences

    Director of the International Economics Program at The Institute for Research on Public Policy in Ottawa. Organize major conferences and direct research projects on bilateral and multilateral issues in the global trade and payments system. Supervised and directed a major publications program with a staff of 4 professionals and two support staff.

    World: Agricultural Trade Reform

    Coordinated a group of international agricultural experts that led to the policy statement Reforming World Agricultural Trade and related publications. This was the Experts Group that replaced the Eminent Persons Group on Agriculture, which had been debated extensively at the Punte del Este Ministerial launching the Uruguay Round.

    Canada: Non-tariff Barriers

    Directed a major research project on Canadian non-tariff barriers including extensive analysis of federal and provincial subsidy programs and quantitative restrictions of imports, and collaborated with the Department of Finance in development of a general equilibrium model of the Canadian economy to analyse the welfare effects and adjustment impacts of trade liberalization.

    North America: Trade Policy Public Awareness

    Developed extensive media relations program to disseminate research results and to comment on international trade and economic issues. This research and analysis became important national issues as Canada debated the implementation of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement.

    North America: International Trade Research

    As Canadian Director of Research at the Canadian American Committee and Senior Policy Analyst at the C.D. Howe Institute in Toronto, undertook a range of trade and related economic research activities. These included:
    • Analysis of Canada-U.S. economic relations, Canadian trade policy and macroeconomic developments; research and analysis of trade and investment policies and international macroeconomic policy issues.
    • Conducted several studies of trade and macroeconomic policy issues, organized conferences and seminars, and supervised research.
    • Coordinated the research and publication activities of the Canadian-American Committee with the cosponsoring institution in Washington DC. (The Canadian-American Committee was a group of 120 private sector leaders drawn from both countries.)
    • Responsible for media relations including dissemination of research results, press releases and press briefings, and numerous interviews on television and radio.

    Canada: Trade Database and Industry Simulation

    Consultant to the Government of British Columbia government on industry simulation models and development of a disaggregated trade database.

    Canada: International Economics Relations

    Director, International Economics Relations Branch, Ministry of Economic Development/Industry & Small Business, Government of British Columbia, Victoria.
    • Represented the province in federal-provincial consultations on the Tokyo Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations and federal-provincial economic policy issues.
    • Supervised research and prepared policy papers on tariff and non-tariff barriers to international trade for First Ministers and Western Premiers Conferences.
    • Directed a research project of the cost of the tariff and non-tariff import restrictions to the British Columbia economy.
    • Directed analysis of rates of effective protection against BC exports from foreign trade barriers according to the level of processing.

    Canada: Economic Modelling

    As a Research Fellow at the University of British Columbia, contributed to international and financial sectors of the MACE macroeconomic model.

    Canada: Economic Research and Simulation

    As a Partner with Smith, Weisbeck & Associates, undertook a range of economic research services including:
    • Project evaluation of infrastructure projects involving detailed simulation of impact of alternative economic forecasts on the financial and economic viability of regulated investments.
    • Analysis of energy transportation options for arctic petroleum.
    • Issues in aboriginal economic development.

    Canada: Regional Economic Expansion

    As a Staff Economist with Regional Economic Expansion Canada, Ottawa & Victoria was responsible for a range of economic development initiatives including:
    • Analysis of trade barriers in offshore markets impeding economic development in Western Canada.
    • Analysis of the interaction between trade barriers and transportation policies in influencing the patterns of economic development.
    • Project evaluation for infrastructure projects.

    Service in and Knowledge of Developing Countries (selected):

  • team leader for a global joint evaluation of the UNCTAD-WTO International Trade Centre, 2003-2004
  • co-ordinator of the WTO component of the Vietnam CIDA LERAP project 2002-2004
  • project director for Latvia Tax and Customs project
  • team leader of a global project to assess capacity requirements of developing countries on trade facilitation, 2002-2003
  • team leader evaluation of bilateral project to support WTO accession in China 2002
  • directing a team of economists analyzing regional integration in West Africa, 2002-2003
  • conducting a needs analysis of, and project design for WTO implementation in China, 2002
  • co-ordinating a large technical assistance & training project for WTO implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic, 2002
  • advising The Bahamas on WTO accession and assisting in preparation of the accession memorandum, 2001-2003
  • undertook an analysis of the revenue effects of the proposed Vietnamese accession to the WTO, 2001
  • advised the ASEAN secretariat on the status of regional integration agreements in the WTO, 2001
  • undertook a number of training programs for the World Bank Institute on WTO and trade policies 1998-2001
  • conducted regional seminar on trade and competition policies for Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos PDR and the Philippines, 2001
  • organized and conducted training program in international economic integration and WTO accession for government officials in Cambodia, 2000
  • organized and conducted regional seminar in trade and environment issues for government officials from Cambodia, Laos, Thailand & Vietnam, 2000
  • for an UNCTAD project in Vietnam, undertook missions, organized seminars, prepared policy papers and supervised local experts examining the implication of specific commitments under GATS for Vietnam, 1999-2001
  • advised Estonia on WTO implementation and transparency requirements, 1999-2000
  • advised Azerbaijan on WTO accession, 1998-2000
  • advised Uzbekistan on WTO accession, 1999
  • advised Russia on GATS scheduling issues in WTO accession, 1998-1999
  • advised Latvia on WTO implementation including notification and transparency requirements, development of National Trade Strategy, developed a training strategy, and implementation of antidumping and safeguards laws, 1996-2001
  • advised Jamaica on WTO implementation and the FTAA, 1998
  • advised Iran on trade integration issues and participated in a World Bank training seminar in Tehran, 1998
  • conducted training programs for the WTO Secretariat on GATS issues from 1996-1999
  • directed a study of different approaches to trade remedy laws in the NAFTA with a Mexican research partner, 1995-1996
  • co-directed with a Chinese research institute a study of China’s accession to the GATT and the WTO, 1995-1996
  • conducted technical assistance and training missions related to global and regional integration in Nepal, Argentina, Chile, and Venezuela; 1989-1994
  • organized a major multi-country training CIDA-sponsored program for African countries on the Uruguay Round with regional seminars in East and West Africa, 1988.
  • OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION

    [e.g. Publications]

    Author of more than 120 publications.

    Co-author of “The Impact of EU Enlargement on Trade, Investment and Economic Co-operation between the EU and India”, November 2003, Asia Invest, (http://ec.europa.eu/comm/europeaid/projects/asia-invest/html2002/publications_india.htm)

    “Russia and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)” in Harry Broadman,(ed.) Russian Trade Policy and WTO Accession, World Bank Institute, 2000. See the websites: www.itcevaluation.org and www.eu-korea-sia.org.

    “Multilateral versus Regional Trading Arrangements: Substitutes or Complements?” Richard G. Lipsey and Murray G. Smith, in the International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume 1, ed. Jovanovic, M.N. publisher, Edward Elgar, 2011.